Volume 2 Chapter 6

After analysing the situation of the EU relations with Russia we will now explore the neighbouring geographical Asian area, and more specifically Central Asia and Turkey. Up till now and as we have seen in previous chapters, these countries are significant in terms of EU energy policy and geopolitical analysis. These explorations, in spite of their being shorter, will help us see that geography is a key factor in shaping energy relationships. Turkey is currently positioning itself as a gas hub or gas transit country. We will see that this is strongly motivated by its wish to play a major geopolitical role in the Middle East. As the countries around the Caspian Sea possess large hydrocarbon reserves we will analyse the energy situation of Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan in particular, describing the way they export today and their potential future natural wealth. This analysis will show that several geographical and geopolitical reflections have to be considered